The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland that is located on the lower part of the neck below the voice box. The thyroid works to produce hormones, secrete calcium in the blood, regulate metabolism and body heat.
When the thyroid secretes too much hormones, it may swell and grow nodules or cysts. When these problems happen, a thyroid gland surgery may be needed. When thyroidectomy is performed, the whole or a portion of the thyroid is removed under general anesthesia. The surgery itself has a low difficulty level. Surgical approach of the thyroid is easy, because the gland is located at the base of the neck, just below the superficial plans.
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