PlacidAnswers: Where Can I Have Ankle Fusion in Turkey?

Ankle arthritis is an inflammation of the ankle. The main symptoms of arthritis are ankle pain and stiffness which worsen with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Ankle fusion is the surgical removal of the cartilage portion of the joint and diseased bone and fusing (growing) of the bones together into one unit. Good cartilage normally forms the joint and allows for essentially pain free motion between bones. Damaged and/or diseased cartilage can allow some motion but this motion can be quite painful and disabling.

Ankle fusions are performed to eliminate pain, improve ambulation (walking), and to improve the quality of life. Typically conservative options are first attempted. These conservative treatments consist of treating the arthritis pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications and analgesics are used. Corticosteroid infiltrations can be tried. Physical therapy is attempted. Bracing with ankle braces or ankle foot type orthosis is used to try and immobilize the arthritic joint. Occasionally immobilization in a cast or cam-walker cast is tried. Sometimes the ankle joint has arthroscopy (scope procedures) or arthrotomy (opening and cleaning) procedures are performed in an attempt to repair or remove arthritic joint cartilage or bone. If these treatments prove unsuccessful ankle fusion is performed.

There are also some congenital deformities that may need fusion and neuromuscular disease that create unstable painful ankle joints. Ankle joint instability after severe or chronic ligament tears may lead to chronic pain. Occasionally the bone in the ankle can lose its blood supply and die internally in a condition known as avascular necrosis; this is usually secondary to trauma. A severe form of arthritic destruction known as Charcot arthropathy (joint disease) which is secondary to the nerve damage of neuropathy (nerve disease) can also be a causative condition.

The causes that lead to the onset of arthritis are multiple. The pain associated with arthritis is caused by the degradation occurring in the ankle. The ankle fusion (also known as ankle arthrodesis) is a surgical procedure that relieves pain and improves (or maintains) the ankle’s function. Highly trained Turkish doctors are well-known among patients from all around the world. Also, the flawless medical care and patient-friendly prices make Turkey one of the most popular destinations for medical tourists looking for ankle fusion and other orthopaedic procedures.

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